Japan was ranked 101st among 145 economies in the Global Gender Gap Report 2015 by the World Economic Forum. It must be acknowledged that in Japan, it is still overwhelmingly women who sacrifice their career to look after children and do other domestic chores. At the same time, in recent years, Nerima has been ranked as the second worst city among the 23 cities making up the core part of Tokyo prefecture in terms of the number of children who are unable to get enrolled in any kind of (government authorized or authorized, public or private) preschool child care due to the absolute insufficiency of such facilities. As a result, every year, many parents – the vast majority, if not all, being women – are compelled to extend their child care leave from work or quit their job to look after children. On the other hand, due to different factors such as long working hours and social pressure, men tend to be either unable or unwilling to actively participate in child-rearing or community activities. In order to ensure that women can pursue their career and that both parents are able to lead a quality family life, multi-faceted measures need to be taken. In addition to promoting work-life balance for all, the number of child care facilities needs to be expanded, and an environment which encourages men to get more proactively involved in household and community activities – through awareness raising and other activities – needs to be created. “The society in which all women can shine” at work – which the current government is aiming to promote in order to boost Japan’s economy– cannot be realized unless we enable men to “shine” or flourish in family and community life.